Create a Simple Infinite Carousel with jQuery

Create a Simple Infinite Carousel with jQuery


Create a Simple Infinite Carousel with jQuery

Introduction

Finally, I have times for this carousel script. I always think that it's hard to figure it out, but thanks to a tutorial - Making a jQuery Infinite Carousel with nice features from tutsvalley. I learnt something new from there. So, yes, I modify the code and make it into something I want, and hopefully this is what you want as well :)

1. HTML

Alright, We have a main wrapper called carousel and inside it, we have two sections - buttons and slides. I have styled the previous and next links to two arrows with mouseover effect. The rest is pretty basic.

<div id="carousel">
	<div id="buttons">
		<a href="#" id="prev">prev</a>
		<a href="#" id="next">next</a>
		<div class="clear"></div>
	</div>
	
	<div class="clear"></div>

	<div id="slides"> 
		<ul>
			<li><img src="slide1.gif" width="240" height="240" alt="Slide 1"/></li>
			<li><img src="slide2.gif" width="240" height="240" alt="Slide 2"/></li>
			<li><img src="slide3.gif" width="240" height="240" alt="Slide 3"/></li>
		</ul>
		<div class="clear"></div>
	</div>

</div>

2. CSS

CSS is a little bit complicated. First of all you have to set correct width in #carousal, #slides, #slides ul and also #slides li. So, I break it down and put extra comments, and if you want to change it, I'd recommend you change it from the LI item first, and the following is the sequence:

  • #slides li :
  • #slides ul : the width is the total width of #ul li items
  • #slides : the width and height should be the same with #ul li items
  • #carousel : the width should be slightly bigger than #ul li items, except the height, because it inclde the height of buttons as well.
#carousel {
	width:255px;
	height:290px;	
	margin:0 auto;
}

#slides {
	overflow:hidden;
	/* fix ie overflow issue */
	position:relative;
	width:250px;
	height:250px;
	border:1px solid #ccc;
}

/* remove the list styles, width : item width * total items */	
#slides ul {
	position:relative;
	left:0;
	top:0;
	list-style:none;
	margin:0;
	padding:0;	
	width:750px;			
}

/* width of the item, in this case I put 250x250x gif */
#slides li {
	width:250px;
	height:250px;	
	float:left;
}

#slides li img {
	padding:5px;
}

/* Styling for prev and next buttons */
#buttons {
	padding:0 0 5px 0;	
	float:right;
}

#buttons a {
	display:block; 
	width:31px; 
	height:32px;
	text-indent:-999em;
	float:left;
	outline:0;
}

a#prev {
	background:url(arrow.gif) 0 -31px no-repeat; 
}

a#prev:hover {
	background:url(arrow.gif) 0 0 no-repeat;
}

a#next {
	background:url(arrow.gif) -32px -31px no-repeat; 
}

a#next:hover {
	background:url(arrow.gif) -32px 0 no-repeat;
}

.clear {clear:both}

3. Javascript

There are two new methods we are about to learn. Well, it's something new to me too! After and Before method.

  • After - Insert content after each of the matched elements.
  • Before - Insert content before each of the matched elements.

So, to create an infinite carousel, we need to depend on these two method because we need:

  • If the user clicked on previous button, we need to move the last item to the front of the first item
  • If the user clicked on next button, we need to move the first item to the back of the last item.

As a result, whenever we clicked on next or previous button, the script will keep moving the item and that make it an infinite carousel. Again, credit to my friend at tutsvalley for this idea, check it out his version of carousel - Making a jQuery Infinite Carousel with nice features

And also, our very cheapskate but absolutely effective method of rotating the slide - using click() function to click next link and set a timer for it :)

$(document).ready(function() {

	//rotation speed and timer
	var speed = 5000;
	var run = setInterval('rotate()', speed);	
	
	//grab the width and calculate left value
	var item_width = $('#slides li').outerWidth(); 
	var left_value = item_width * (-1); 
        
    //move the last item before first item, just in case user click prev button
	$('#slides li:first').before($('#slides li:last'));
	
	//set the default item to the correct position 
	$('#slides ul').css({'left' : left_value});

    //if user clicked on prev button
	$('#prev').click(function() {

		//get the right position            
		var left_indent = parseInt($('#slides ul').css('left')) + item_width;

		//slide the item            
		$('#slides ul').animate({'left' : left_indent}, 200,function(){    

            //move the last item and put it as first item            	
			$('#slides li:first').before($('#slides li:last'));           

			//set the default item to correct position
			$('#slides ul').css({'left' : left_value});
		
		});

		//cancel the link behavior            
		return false;
            
	});

 
    //if user clicked on next button
	$('#next').click(function() {
		
		//get the right position
		var left_indent = parseInt($('#slides ul').css('left')) - item_width;
		
		//slide the item
		$('#slides ul').animate({'left' : left_indent}, 200, function () {
            
            //move the first item and put it as last item
			$('#slides li:last').after($('#slides li:first'));                 	
			
			//set the default item to correct position
			$('#slides ul').css({'left' : left_value});
		
		});
		         
		//cancel the link behavior
		return false;
		
	});        
	
	//if mouse hover, pause the auto rotation, otherwise rotate it
	$('#slides').hover(
		
		function() {
			clearInterval(run);
		}, 
		function() {
			run = setInterval('rotate()', speed);	
		}
	); 
        
});

//a simple function to click next link
//a timer will call this function, and the rotation will begin :)  
function rotate() {
	$('#next').click();
}

Conclusion

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Author: Kevin Liew

Kevin Liew is a web designer and developer and keen on contributing to the web development industry. He loves frontend development and absolutely amazed by jQuery. Feel free to say hi to me, or follow @quenesswebblog on twitter.

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73 comments

victor
Tue, 27th January 2015
thank you man, nice code Reply
gerry
Wed, 1st April 2015
i think something is missing on the script if you compare it on the script of the demo page Reply

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