Tutorials

Create an Attractive Before and After Photo Effect with jQuery

Written by Kevin Liew on 24 Jan 2011
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53 comments

Introduction

13 Jan 2011, Australia suffered a catastrophic flood disaster, almost 75% of Queensland was affected. Inland Tsunami in Toowoomba, evacuation of Brisbane city, it was a total chaos in the entire state. Sudden flood which lead to torrential and ferocious flood destroyed homes and killed many. It will take 2 years to recover. If you wish to donate, please visit Queensland Government State Website.

The reason I bought it up because I got this inspiration from this website - Queensland Floods - Before After.

Well, it is saddening to see all the damages the flood did. In the other hand, I also notice the way it presents the before and after photos. It's just so intuitive and simple. So, I have decided to build something similar but with a few of enhancements. I'm going to show you how to build it and how to convert it to plugins. Tested on IE6, 7, 8, Firefox, Chrome and Safari. 

You may want to check out the demo now:

HTML

I keep the HTML really simple, just a div with 2 images in it. Things you need to know:

  • value in ALT attribute will be used as caption
  • width and height of the first image will be used for calculation, therefore, it's mandatory to have it defined

This is what you need to use it:

<div class="beforeafter">
	<img src="image-1.jpg" alt="Before" width="500" height="280">
        <img src="image-2.jpg" alt="After" width="500" height="280">																																							
</div>

However, the content in the div will be totally revamped once it's processed by javascript. This is the real structure:

<div class="beforeafter">
	<div class="ba-mask"></div>
	<div class="ba-bg"></div>
	<div class="ba-caption"></div>
	<img src="image-1.jpg" alt="Before" width="500" height="280">
	<img src="image-2.jpg" alt="After" width="500" height="280">		
</div>
<div class="beforeafter">
	<img src="image-1.jpg" alt="Before" width="500" height="280">
        <img src="image-2.jpg" alt="After" width="500" height="280">																																							
</div>

CSS

CSS isn't that complicated as well. I have illustrated how this script going to work which will make it easy to understand

Queness before and after jQuery Plugin Tutorial
#container {width:500px; margin:0 auto;}
		
/* width and height for the block */
.beforeafter {width:500px; height:280px;}		
		
		
/* The following is the mandatory styling for the plugins */
	
.ba-mask {	/* first image */	
	position:absolute; 
	top:0; 
	left:0; 
	z-index:100; 
	border-right:4px solid #000; 
	overflow:hidden; 
	box-shadow: 3px 5px 5px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6);
	box-shadow: 5px 5px 10px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6); 
	-webkit-box-shadow: 5px 5px 7px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6);  
	-moz-box-shadow: 5px 0 7px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6);
}

.ba-bg {	/* second image */
	position:absolute; 
	top:0; 
	left:0; 
	z-index:0;
}

.ba-caption {	/* caption	*/
			
	/* mandatory */
	position:absolute; 
	bottom:10px; 
	left:10px; 
	z-index:120;	
			 
	/* customizable styling */
	background:#000; 
	color:#fff; 
	text-align:center;
	padding:5px; 
	font-size:12px; 
	font-family:arial; 
	filter:alpha(opacity=80);-moz-opacity:0.8;-khtml-opacity: 0.8;opacity: 0.8; 
	-webkit-border-radius:5px; -moz-border-radius:5px; border-radius:5px; 			
}

Javascript

Alright, some intensive stuff going on over here. The length of the script is pretty long, it's because I'm trying to make this script as flexible as possible and also make the HTML and CSS as simple as possible. You see, once we have the flexibility and simplicity lead to lengthly and complicated code.

I have written a comment to walk you through the whole javascript.

$(document).ready(function() {
	
	// Some options for customization
	var leftgap = 10;		/* gap on the left */
	var rightgap = 10;		/* gap on the right */
	var defaultgap = 50;	/* the intro gap */
	var caption = true;		/* toggle caption */
	var reveal = 0.5;		/* define 0 - 1 far does it goes to reveal the second caption */
		
	// find each of the .beforeafter
	$('.beforeafter').each(function () {
		
		// set current selected item to variable
		var i = $(this);			
		// get the source of the first image and second image using eq(index)
		var img_mask = i.children('img:eq(0)').attr('src');
		var img_bg = i.children('img:eq(1)').attr('src');
			
		// get the caption for the first image as default caption
		var img_cap_one = i.children('img:eq(0)').attr('alt');
			
		// get the dimension of the first image, assuming second image has the same dimension
		var width = i.children('img:eq(0)').width();
		var height = i.children('img:eq(0)').height();
			
		// hide the images, not removing it because we will need it later
		i.find('img').hide();		
			
		// set some css attribute to current item for graceful degradation if javascript support is off
		i.css({'overflow': 'hidden', 'position': 'relative'});
			
		// append additional html element
		i.append('</pre><div class="ba-mask"></div><pre class="js">');
		i.append('</pre><div class="ba-bg"></div><pre class="js">');			
		i.append('</pre><div class="ba-caption">' + img_cap_one + '</div><pre class="js">');						
			
		// set the dimension of appended html element
		i.children('.ba-mask, .ba-bg').width(width);
		i.children('.ba-mask, .ba-bg').height(height);
			
		// set the images as background for ba-mask and ba-bg
		i.children('.ba-mask').css('backgroundImage','url(' + img_mask + ')');
		i.children('.ba-bg').css('backgroundImage','url(' + img_bg + ')');				

		// animate to reveal the background image
		i.children('.ba-mask').animate({'width':width - defaultgap}, 1000);		

		// if caption is true, then display it, otherwise, hide it
		if (caption) i.children('.caption').show();
		else i.children('.ba-caption').hide();
			
	}).mousemove(function (e) {

		// set current selected item to variable
		var i = $(this);
			
		// get the position of the image
		pos_img = i.offset()['left'];
			
		// get the position of the mouse pointer
		pos_mouse = e.pageX;		
			
		// calculate the difference between the image and cursor
		// the difference will the width of the mask image
		new_width = pos_mouse - pos_img;
		img_width = i.width();
			
		// get the captions for first and second images
		img_cap_one = i.children('img:eq(0)').attr('alt');
		img_cap_two = i.children('img:eq(1)').attr('alt');
			
		/*
		// for debugging purposes
		$('#debug').html("X Axis : " + e.pageX + " | Y Axis " + e.pageY);
		$('#debug2').html(i.position()['left']);
		$('#debug3').html(new_width);
		*/
			
		// make sure it reveal the image and left some gaps on left and right
		// it depends on the value of leftgap and rightgap
		if (new_width &gt; leftgap &amp;&amp; new_width &lt; (img_width - rightgap)) {			
			i.children('.ba-mask').width(new_width);
		}	

		// toggle between captions.
		// it uses the reveal variable to calculate
		// eg, display caption two once the image is 50% (0.5) revealed.
		if (new_width &lt; (img_width * reveal)) {			
			i.children('.ba-caption').html(img_cap_two);
		} else {
			i.children('.ba-caption').html(img_cap_one);			
		}	 								
					
	});
	
 });
 

Convert to Plugin

First of all, what we need to know is the structure of a plugin. I shared about this long time ago, so if you want to know more about it, visit this post - A Really Simple jQuery Plugin Tutorial. Over here I will just paste the structure we going to use in this tutorial:

//You need an anonymous function to wrap around your function to avoid conflict
(function($){
 
    //Attach this new method to jQuery
    $.fn.extend({
         
        //This is where you write your plugin's name
        pluginname: function() {
 
            //Iterate over the current set of matched elements
            return this.each(function() {
             
                //code to be inserted here
             
            });
        }
    });
     
//pass jQuery to the function,
//So that we will able to use any valid Javascript variable name
//to replace "$" SIGN. But, we'll stick to $ (I like dollar sign :) )      
})(jQuery);

Alright, the next thing we need to do, mix the plugin stucture with the before after script, and this is the final result:

(function($){
   $.fn.extend({
		//plugin name - qbeforeafter
		qbeforeafter: function(options) {
 
			var defaults = {
				defaultgap: 50,            
				leftgap: 10,
				rightgap: 10,
				caption: false,
				reveal: 0.5
			};
             
			var options = $.extend(defaults, options);
         
			return this.each(function() {

            var o = options;
            var i = $(this);
			var img_mask = i.children('img:eq(0)').attr('src');
			var img_bg = i.children('img:eq(1)').attr('src');
			var img_cap_one = i.children('img:eq(0)').attr('alt');
			
			var width = i.children('img:eq(0)').width();
			var height = i.children('img:eq(0)').height();
				
			i.children('img').hide();		
				
			i.css({'overflow': 'hidden', 'position': 'relative'});
			i.append('</pre><div class="ba-mask"></div><pre class="js">');
			i.append('</pre><div class="ba-bg"></div><pre class="js">');			
			i.append('</pre><div class="ba-caption">' + img_cap_one + '</div><pre class="js">');
				
			i.children('.ba-mask, .ba-bg').width(width);
			i.children('.ba-mask, .ba-bg').height(height);
			i.children('.ba-mask').animate({'width':width - o.defaultgap}, 1000);
			
			i.children('.ba-mask').css('backgroundImage','url(' + img_mask + ')');
			i.children('.ba-bg').css('backgroundImage','url(' + img_bg + ')');	

			if (o.caption) i.children('.ba-caption').show();

            }).mousemove(function (e) {

				var o = options;
				var i = $(this);
				
				pos_img = i.offset()['left'];
				pos_mouse = e.pageX;		
				new_width = pos_mouse - pos_img;
				img_width = i.width();
				img_cap_one = i.children('img:eq(0)').attr('alt');
				img_cap_two = i.children('img:eq(1)').attr('alt');				

				if (new_width &gt; o.leftgap &amp;&amp; new_width &lt; (img_width - o.rightgap)) {			
					i.children('.ba-mask').width(new_width);
				}
				
				if (new_width &lt; (img_width * o.reveal)) {			
					i.children('.ba-caption').html(img_cap_two);
				} else {
					i.children('.ba-caption').html(img_cap_one);			
				}					
			
			});
        }
   });
})(jQuery);	

If we compared it to the non-plugin script, the major difference is how we convert the customizable setting (defaultgap, leftgap, rightgap, caption and reveal) to plugins. That's it, pretty straight forward, just copy and paste and slight modification

How to use Queness' beforeafter plugin

The usage is really simple, this is how you call the plugin:

	
$(function () {
	$('.large').qbeforeafter({defaultgap:50, leftgap:0, rightgap:10, caption: true, reveal: 0.5});
	$('.small').qbeforeafter({defaultgap:20, leftgap:5, rightgap:10, caption: false});
});

Finally...

That's it, a tutorial after a long time. I hope you guys will like it. If you have any questions, suggestion or comment, drop me a message below. Also, help me to spread this post :) Thanks.

Demo 1Demo 2Download
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53 comments
serge 3 years ago
Hi,

How do i install the plugin on my word-press ? when i install it it says :The package could not be installed. No valid plugins were found.

Plugin install failed.
Reply
Mimi 3 years ago
Can this be used on blogger?
And I'm not sure if I am doing this right.
I just copy and paste the code where I want it, right?
Or am I missing something? I have no clue 3:.
Reply
Jimmy 3 years ago
I'd like to use this on my squaredspace page, but am lost as to how to customize it to my own images. When I'm editing a squaredspace gallery, there's a feature where I can input CSS, but I'm a complete imbecile with this stuff. I don't even know if squaredspace is even compatible with any of the code listed! Does anyone have any insight? Thanks!
Reply
Kasia 3 years ago
hello Kevin
this is exacely what I was looking for my retouching work :)

I builed my webside with 4ormat do You think I can instal Your plugin there??
or in some blogs like blogger and then just link it to my webside

i would be really grateful for Your comment

Kasia
Reply
Master 2 years ago
whoeta
Reply
Weber 2 years ago
Please tell me why this plugin is not loading properly (images are sometimes loading, sometimes not loading) on Google Chrome and is loading perfect on Internet Explorer.... I'm using it in Joomla..
Reply
Weber 2 years ago
Please tell me why this plugin is not loading properly (images are sometimes loading, sometimes not loading) on Google Chrome and is loading perfect on Internet Explorer.... I'm using it in Joomla..
Reply
Weber 2 years ago
Please tell me why this plugin is not loading properly (images are sometimes loading, sometimes not loading) on Google Chrome and is loading perfect on Internet Explorer.... I'm using it in Joomla..
Reply
DaddySlap 2 years ago
hi! When I testing this plugin in Wordpress, is don't work in the Google Chrome. I think that it's problem of cache images. Help me plese.
Reply
Ramsagar 1 year ago
i am not able to download please can you send this to my mail
Reply