What Are The Different Developing Careers?

Written by Kevin Liew on 18 Dec 2019
118,649 Views • Web Development

When people choose the pathway of a developer, they are often confused about which way to take. There are many different kinds of programmers that work on specific projects. However, it is good to go through the three main categories before getting into the specifics to help you identify which area to focus on your career in web development

To help decide, details on the three main types of developers, backend, frontend, or full-stack, are given below. 

Overview

When building a website, frontend developer’s job is to focus on the theme and layout of the site. On the other hand, the backend developer would be in charge of managing the database and performance issues, among other things. A full-stack developer is considered to be a hybrid of both.

Programming Languages 

Back-End 

They need to have a good knowledge of all the languages associated with the server-side of a website. These languages include PHP, Ruby, Node.js, Python, and Java. While a backend developer would only need to be a master at one of the languages, but he/she should also be familiar with at least one other. PHP is the most popular, and there are many PHP scripts, codes, and classes available online. 

Front-End 

There are three main languages that front end developers should be familiar with, which are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. However, being an expert in one and knowing the basics of the others is also accepted. Nowadays, frontend programmers are also required to know jQuery, which is a compiled library of JavaScript.

Full Stack

Full-stack engineers should know at least one server-side programming languages like Java, Python, or Ruby, among others. They should also have a good knowledge of all the frontend languages.

Required Skills

Back-End 

Backend programmers need to be good at thinking on their feet. As they are often debugging codes or designing an entire system on the server-side of the website. They need to be highly skilled in working with databases like Oracle, MySQL, and SQL Server. They should know how to store data, keep the data safe, add new features without making the system crash, and test a website, among other things.

Front-End 

The frontend is the part of the site that users interact with, and that is why its developers need to be very creative. Other than mastering the languages, the frontend programmers are expected to have Photoshop skills. The browser translates all of the code for users to see and interact with, such as fonts, colors, drop-down menus, and slides, among other things, and that is why frontend programmers also need to be familiar with a little backend developing to make a great site. 

Full Stack

A full-stack engineer needs to know both frontend and backend developing and how to correctly apply them. Full-stack developers should master all the frontend technologies like HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript. They also need to know the basic prototype design and UI /UX design. Finally, they should be able to keep all the systems running smoothly, and provide help to everyone in the team to reduce the time and technical costs of communication significantly. 

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