Tutorials

Create a Stunning Sliding Door Effect with jQuery

Written by Kevin Liew on 31 Aug 2009
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104 comments

Introduction

Continue from our previous thumbnail effect series. This is the third one. If you missed the previous two, you can visit the following links:

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This tutorial is going to be awesome! I got inspired by my friend's Image Splitting Effect from Tutsvalley. I decided to take one step further, create a four corners sliding door effect.

Basically, this is what it does:

  • Grab all the div with qitem class, find the image and replace it with four DIVs (four corners)
  • Each of the corner will have the same background image (grabbed from qitem class's child image element) but with different background position: top left, top right, bottom left and bottom right. It will still look like a whole image, however, the image is actually replaced by DIVd and divided into four portions.
  • Mouse over and mouse out event will move the corners diagonally out and in according to the mouse event.
  • Caption will be displayed after the corners have moved out.
  • If user clicked on it, it will execute the link assign to the item.

The following image illustrate how it works:

jQuery Slicing Structure

1. HTML

It's a good practise to keep HTML as simple as possible. HTML always can be simplified using CSS and Javascript. As a result from the simplification, This is the html for a single item. We can duplicate it into more than one.

In the demo, we can see there are total of 9 items. Please be aware that, in this tutorial, we are using float:left and clear:both in CSS to create the multi column and rows. Make sure the floating is cleared to ensure it doesnt mess up your existing website layout.

<div class="qitem">
	<a href="http://www.google.com"><img src="1.gif" alt="Test 1" title="" width="126" height="126"/></a>
	<span class="caption"><h4>Night Club</h4><p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit.</p></span>
</div>

2. CSS

In CSS section, it's quite simple. We have a class called qitem. qitem must be overflow:hidden to hide those four corners, float:left to create the milti rows and columns and cursor:hand/ cursor:pointer to let uses know they can click on it.

For caption, position:absolute is a must to se the z-index. Caption should be layered under the four corners

We need to set the generic setting for all the corners. We can do this in javascript, but it would be more efficient and simpler to do it with CSS. You see, the good thing in web development is, one problem can have different type of solutions.

body {
	font-family:arial;	
}

.qitem {
	/* width and height must be even number */
	width:126px;
	height:126px;	
	
	/* some styling for the item */
	border:4px solid #222;	
	margin:5px 5px 5px 0;
	background: url('bg.gif') no-repeat;
	
	/* make sure the four divs are hidden after changing the position */
	overflow:hidden;
	
	/* absolute position enabled for children elements*/
	position:relative;
	
	/* display item in single row */
	float:left;
	
	/* hand symbol for ie and other browser */
	cursor:hand; cursor:pointer;
}

	.qitem img {
		border:0;
	}

	/* styling for caption, position absolute is a must to set the z-index */
	.qitem .caption {
		position:absolute;
		z-index:0;	
		color:#ccc;
		display:block;
	}

		.qitem .caption h4 {
			font-size:12px;
			padding:10px 5px 0 8px;
			margin:0;
			color:#369ead;
		}

		.qitem .caption p {
			font-size:10px;	
			padding:3px 5px 0 8px;
			margin:0;
		}



/* Generic setting for corners */
.topLeft, .topRight, .bottomLeft, .bottomRight {
	/* allow javascript to move the corners */
	position:absolute;
	background-repeat: no-repeat; 
	z-index:200;
}

/* set the background position for different corners */
.topLeft {
	background-position: top left; 	
} 

.topRight {
	background-position: top right; 
} 

.bottomLeft {
	background-position: bottom left; 
} 

.bottomRight {
	background-position: bottom right; 
}

.clear {
	clear:both;	
}

3. Javascript

Javascript is abit messy this time. But I have isolated all the configurable setting on the top to make it easier to change. Basically, this is what it does:

  1. When the document is ready, it counts all the value for all corners
  2. Using each() to loop through the the item, in the loop:
    • Grab all the details: url, image path
    • Remove the img element
    • Append the four corners
    • Set the background image (image path grabbed from img element) to all the corners
    • Set the position to all the corners
    • * Due to IE7, you need to make sure the image/qitem size is even number, so that the divided value is whole number. IE7 doesn't render fraction value properly.
  3. On mouse over event: Set correct values to all the corners and animate them so that the corners are moving away from the qitem.
  4. On mouse out event: reset all the corners and animate them so that the corners are moving back to where there were.
  5. On click: execute the link (grabbed from anchor element).

The following image illustrate the calculation:

jQuery Slicing Structure

In the javascript below, we have a section for the calculation. If you look at the image above carefully, assume the item width is 126px, and values that we need to generate is 0px, 63px, -63px and 126px

Hence, (the item size we used in this tutorial is 126px)

  • var neg = Math.round($('.qitem').width() / 2) * (-1);
    (126 / 2) * (-1), neg = -63px
  • var pos = neg * (-1);
    neg = -63px, pos = (-63) * -(1), pos = 63px
  • var out = pos * 2;
    pos = 63px, pos = 63 * 2, pos = 126px

Now, we know all the mathematic calculations, how it works. It's time to combine everything into one piece!

	
$(document).ready(function() {

	//Custom settings
	var style_in = 'easeOutBounce';
	var style_out = 'jswing';
	var speed_in = 1000;
	var speed_out = 300;	

	//Calculation for corners
	var neg = Math.round($('.qitem').width() / 2) * (-1);	
	var pos = neg * (-1);	
	var out = pos * 2;
	
	$('.qitem').each(function () {
	
		//grab the anchor and image path
		url = $(this).find('a').attr('href');
		img = $(this).find('img').attr('src');
		
		//remove the image
		$('img', this).remove();
		
		//append four corners/divs into it
		$(this).append('<div class="topLeft"></div><div class="topRight"></div><div class="bottomLeft"></div><div class="bottomRight"></div>');
		
		//set the background image to all the corners
		$(this).children('div').css('background-image','url('+ img + ')');

		//set the position of corners
		$(this).find('div.topLeft').css({top:0, left:0, width:pos , height:pos});	
		$(this).find('div.topRight').css({top:0, left:pos, width:pos , height:pos});	
		$(this).find('div.bottomLeft').css({bottom:0, left:0, width:pos , height:pos});	
		$(this).find('div.bottomRight').css({bottom:0, left:pos, width:pos , height:pos});	

	}).hover(function () {
	
		//animate the position
		$(this).find('div.topLeft').stop(false, true).animate({top:neg, left:neg}, {duration:speed_out, easing:style_out});	
		$(this).find('div.topRight').stop(false, true).animate({top:neg, left:out}, {duration:speed_out, easing:style_out});	
		$(this).find('div.bottomLeft').stop(false, true).animate({bottom:neg, left:neg}, {duration:speed_out, easing:style_out});	
		$(this).find('div.bottomRight').stop(false, true).animate({bottom:neg, left:out}, {duration:speed_out, easing:style_out});	
				
	},
	
	function () {

		//put corners back to the original position
		$(this).find('div.topLeft').stop(false, true).animate({top:0, left:0}, {duration:speed_in, easing:style_in});	
		$(this).find('div.topRight').stop(false, true).animate({top:0, left:pos}, {duration:speed_in, easing:style_in});	
		$(this).find('div.bottomLeft').stop(false, true).animate({bottom:0, left:0}, {duration:speed_in, easing:style_in});	
		$(this).find('div.bottomRight').stop(false, true).animate({bottom:0, left:pos}, {duration:speed_in, easing:style_in});	
	
	}).click (function () {
		
		//go to the url
		window.location = $(this).find('a').attr('href');	
	});

});

Conclusion

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104 comments
Chris Allen 9 years ago
Many, thanks, I was wondering if you could help ?

I want to use this effect ...

http://www.chrisallen.eu/jquery/portfolio1.html

with the above effect ?

http://www.chrisallen.eu/jquery/portfolio1.html

Seems to stop working ? multiple JQuery problems possibly ?!?
Reply
manoranjan 9 years ago
when iam trying same effect with one image its not working can you suggest me something
Reply
mrak911 9 years ago
Sorry for the question, but I am very interested in how CMS operates a blog?
Reply
ฟังเพลง 9 years ago
a great application. I would really like to congratulate you. More waiting. Thank you.
Reply
Criss 9 years ago
How about doing the effect for the whole 100%x100% page, revealing another page under it? What modifications I need to do?
Reply
swetha 8 years ago
image is sliced into 4 pieces its good and the piece at the left bottom is in reverse manner while the remainig are nice onces
Reply
Rob 8 years ago
As a Newbie, I am always searching online for articles that can help me. Thank you
Wow! Thank you! I always wanted to write in my site something like that. Can I take part of your
post to my blog?
Reply
Raghibsuleman 8 years ago
Nishant 8 years ago
I want use this but open want to open thumbs in new window when click please help me.
Reply
Nishant 8 years ago
I want use this but want to open thumbs in new window on click please help me.
Reply
seutje 8 years ago
hey, lovely concept... but please, cache your selectors, don't repeat $(this) 17 times but keep a reference to the resultset like var $this = $(this); $this.doSomething(); ...
Reply
Adam Bell 8 years ago
Does this work with WordPress? I'm trying to integrate the effect in a WordPress theme and the image wraps around the background image perfectly but the sliding door effect doesn't occur at all. I did take the javascript and placed it in its' own external .js file.
Reply
kevin Admin 8 years ago
@Adam Bell: Have downloaded the demo? The demo is working fine, maybe you can start from there and integrate it. The reason it doesn't work might due to some script in the wordpress is conflicting with it or some weird CSS style in wordpress theme.
Reply